PIR meet crowdfunding

The PIR, individual savings plans, represent a specific form 
of investment that is the recipient of a tax relief consisting
of the total tax exemption of the income generated. Below is a
brief summary of the tax incentive regulations intended for 
them, before discussing an important clarification recently 
provided by the Revenue Agency.

The tax relief

The tax advantage in question consists more in detail:
1. in total de-taxation of income deriving from financial instruments and from the liquidity
   that make up the RIP (exemption from income tax);
2. total tax relief in the event of transfer of the plan's financial instruments in the event 
   of the death of the plan holder (ie exemption from inheritance tax).

The investor

The tax relief is intended for individuals who hold the investment outside the business activity 
and who maintain the investment for a minimum period of five years. With reference to the holder 
of the investment, the other characteristics provided by the law are:

    1. the holder of the investment is fiscally resident in Italy;
    2. the holder of the investment does not simultaneously hold more than one investment plan;
    3. the holder of the investment does not share it with other people.

The facilitation also falls to the holder of the investment if he is a minor.

The dimensional limits of the investment

Furthermore, the law provides for specific size limits on the investment, in the sense that 
the amount of resources allocated to the same cannot exceed, per year, 30 thousand euros and,
over the 5 years, 150 thousand euros. In this regard, if the individual investor in a year has 
allocated less than 30 thousand euros to the investment in PIR, the difference can be recovered
(rectius can be invested) in subsequent years, maintaining, however, the five-year limit of 150
thousand euros.

The characteristics of the investment

To establish a PIR and benefit from the relative tax relief, it is necessary to open a specific
custody or administration or portfolio management relationship or another stable relationship
(with the option for the administered savings regime) or a life insurance contract or 
capitalization, through authorized intermediaries or resident insurance companies, or through 
non-resident intermediaries that operate in Italy through a permanent establishment, or under 
the freedom to provide services with the appointment of a tax representative (appointed between
 authorized intermediaries or insurance companies) residents.

In order to benefit from the facilitation, the characteristics of the RIP are as follows:

1. the financial instruments issued by the same issuer and the liquidity that comprise it must
   not exceed 10% of the total invested;

2. 70% of the investment is destined to financial instruments issued by companies resident in
   the Italian territory, or by companies resident in the European Union or EEA (European 
   Economic Area) with a stable organization in Italy, this requirement must exist at the 
   moment of signing the plan;

3. 30% of this 70% must be destined to financial instruments not included in the FTSEMIB or in
   similar indexes of other countries;

4. the financial instruments that comprise it must be held for a minimum period of 5 years and,
   in this regard, the date of timely purchase of the individual financial instrument is 

5. financial instruments may not have been issued by or entered into with companies resident in
   countries other than those considered to be white lists (collaborating with the Italian tax

6. participations included in the RIP are considered unqualified.

The srl’s shares

On April 5th, the Italian Revenue Agency ruled on the shares of Srl offered to the public
through equity crowdfunding portals. In particular, in this regard it was stated that, for the
purposes of the subsidy, the shares of Srl may be included in the broader notion of a financial
instrument, according to the contents of section C attachment I of the TUF.

So, also the shares of Srl offered to the public through crowdfunding portals, can be part of
the Pir and thus enjoy the related tax benefits.

Daniele Di Teodoro
Chartered accountant
Chartered auditor